Cervical Cancer Screening And Prevention

Cervical cancer, the second most common gynaecological cancer, emphasizes the importance of early detection through Pap smears for preventing HPV infection and pre-cancerous lesions; schedule an appointment with your clinic doctor if you haven’t had a Pap smear.

What is Cervical Cancer Screening And Prevention?

What You Should Know About Cervical Cancer Screening And Prevention

Detection & Prevention Service

  1. Pap smear (Conventional or Liquid based)
  2. Detection of virus HPV and HPV DNA
  3. Colposcopy
  4. Treatment of abnormal pap smear
  5. Treatment of Pre-cancerous lesion (Cervical Intra-Epithelial Heoplasia CIN)
  6. HPV vaccination

Cervical cancer screening involves routine Pap smears. It is a simple test in which cells from the cervix and vagina are examined for any cellular changes that could lead to cancer. These abnormalities are usually pre- cancerous and once treated, cancer can be prevented. It is recommended for all women who have ever had sexual intercourse.

How often you need to do pap smear?

  1. Every year for high risk group
  2. Every 3 years for low risk group

Who are the women in the category of high risk to develop cervical cancer?

  • Women in polygamous marriage
  • Multiple sex partner or husband with multiple sex partner
  • Smoking
  • Has Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) detected

Colposcopy, available on- site in our clinic, involves the use of a special magnifying device to look at the cervix. This allows us to find problems that cannot be seen by the eye alone. It is a relatively painless procedure involving the application of a mild vinegar-like solution (acetic acid). If any abnormal areas are found, biopsies may be taken for further evaluation.

Treatment of Pre-Cancerous Condition
Based on the results, further treatment may be recommended. Methods of treating pre- cancerous changes of the cervix include laser vapourization, LEEP and cone biopsy. LEEP or cone biopsy are minor surgical procedures that involve removal of a cylindrical or cone-shaped piece of cervix in which abnormal cells are located by using a heated electrical loop wire or with a laser, diathermy or knife respectively.

Cervical cancer may be caused by certain types of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is spread through sexual contact targeting the genitals. It is now possible to have vaccinations against certain HPV strains which are high risk for inducing cancerous changes. These HPV vaccines may help prevent cervical cancer and is suitable for women and girls from the age of 9 years. HPV vaccine packages are available at our Centre.

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